Siberian elm, Zelkova: planting, pruning and maintenance

orme de siberie

Sometimes called Zelkova, the Siberian elm is a tree appreciated for both its foliage and its wood.

In summary, what you need to know is:

Name  : Zelkova carpinifolia
Family  Ulmacées
Type  : Tree

Height
 : 30 m
Exhibition  : Sunny
Sol  : Ordinary

Foliage
 Null and void
Flowering  : April

Planting of the Sibérie

L Siberian elm or zelkova  can be planted either in the fall or in the spring.

Because it grows relatively slowly, it will take many years to reach adult size.

Size of Siberian elm

No size is really necessary in the zelkova .

If you wish to prune or reduce the antlers, it is best to choose the period of vegetative rest, in autumn or late winter.

Remove dead wood as you go and branches that intertwine.

About the Siberian elm tree

Here is a picture of a nice zelkova carved in bonsai:

Zelkova bonsaï

Also known as the Caucasian elm, this beautiful tree with a majestic look when it reaches its adult size, is native to the Caucasus.

It is easy to care for and will amaze you in the fall when it will be adorned with bright golden yellow or orange colours.

Indeed, its deciduous foliage takes on sumptuous shades in the autumn but remains beautiful the rest of the year with its long crenellated leaves.

For a long time, its hard and elastic wood was used in cabinetwork, shipbuilding, but also in the leisure industry with the manufacture of baseball bats but also the manufacture of rifle butts.

History of the Siberian elm :

It was André Michaux, a renowned botanist, then on a mission in Persia, who introduced the  Zelkova  or Siberian elm in 1785 . He brought back seeds as well as young plants whose “descendants” can still be found in the Jardin des Plantes in Paris.