Oak: planting, pruning, diseases and varieties


The oak is one of the most common and majestic trees when it reaches large sizes.

In summary, what you need to know is:

Name  : Quercus
Family  Fagaceae
Type  : Tree

Height  15 to 35 m
Exhibition  : Sunny
Sol  Low limescale

Foliage  Null and void –  Flowering  : Spring – Harvest  : Automne

A read also :

  • the holm oak, a superb evergreen tree
  • Quercus suber, the cork oak

Familiar with parks or forests, it is only used in our gardens if there is space.

But oak has a large number of varieties and the choice can be important as some of them are perfectly suited to smaller gardens. (Photo © vvoe)

Oak plantation

The oak planting is an important step because, as with all trees, it conditions the good recovery and growth of the oak over the seasons.

Prefer a secluded spot because the oak can take up a lot of space, sometimes several dozen meters in diameter and even more in height…

  • The oak needs sun during the day, in the shade it might remain weak.
  • Water well the first year after planting
  • Observe the instructions for plantation and prefer fresh soil.

Oak size

There is no pruning necessary in oak, except to remove the low branches to human height after a few years.

The oak can also be pruned, preferably in winter but outside the frost period.

Finally, dead, fragile or diseased branches are removed as they appear.

Oak acorn

The fruit of the oak tree is called the  acorn.

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It often takes several years before the oak starts to produce acorns. Acorn production is also quite irregular from year to year.

The acorns are harvested in the autumn, usually in September or October.

Acorns are a delight for squirrels, pigs and wild boars, as well as many wild animals living in the forest.

Animals that feed on acorns are called swans…

About oak

The Oak  is a name given to a large number of species and varieties of trees and shrubs belonging to the genus quercus.

Among the varieties of oak, we find the famous oak from our forests, as well as the ilex quercus or the quercus suber.

While some oaks are evergreen, the pedunculated oak that populates our forests is deciduous.

The oak, nicknamed “King of the forests”, is remarkable for its wood, the beauty of its leaves and its majestic side, especially when it is large.

In autumn, its hues are flamboyant with bright red, orange and yellow.

Avoid the forest oak in your garden because its slow growth and the spectacular size it can reach could make you regret it…

Oak diseases

Most oaks are resistant to disease and parasites, but there are some weaknesses in the quercus that deserve to be treated preventively or curatively.

If you plant an acorn in the fall in a pot full of soil, you’ll have every chance of seeing an oak tree grow!