Holm oak: planting, pruning and care tips

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The holm oak is one of the trees in vogue, appreciated for its evergreen foliage and moderate size.

In summary, what you need to know is:

Name  : Quercus Ilex
Family  Fagaceae
Type  : Tree

Height  10 to 15 m
Exhibition  : Sunny
Sol  Well drained, rather calcareous

Foliage  : Persistent –  Flowering  : Spring –  Harvest  : Automne

  • A also discover : Quercus suber, the cork oak

Plantation of holm oak

The holm oak is best planted in the autumn. before the first frosts. The best period is in the middle of November.

We can also plant the holm oak in the spring  as long as regular watering is planned for the first year.

Prefer a secluded spot and not too close to a house, as holm oaks can take up a lot of space when they reach their adult size.

  • The holm oak needs sunlight to grow well.
  • The holm oak is very tolerant of wind and sea spray at the seaside.
  • Observe the instructions for plantation and prefer fresh soil.

chene vert Although holm oak is considered to be relatively slow growing, its growth will be greatly improved if it is planted in good conditions and watered regularly.

To accelerate its growth, do not hesitate to remove the flowers in spring and the acorns afterwards, which draw heavily on the holm oak’s reserves.

Pruning and maintenance of holm oak

Maintenance of holm oak :

Once properly installed, here is a tree that requires virtually no maintenance.

But for this it must be ensured the best planting conditions and regular watering the first year after planting.

Size of holm oak :

The holm oak does not require pruning but dead branches should be removed as you go along.

On the other hand, holm oak is not afraid of pruning and can be pruned without difficulty.

As the silhouette of the holm oak is particularly pretty, try to keep it during pruning.

  • The holm oak is pruned at the end of winter or in autumn.
  • Never prune in frosty weather, even if frost is only to be expected a few days later.
  • Do not prune holm oak in the summer when it is hot.

About holm oak

chêne vert The holm oak or quercus ilex is a species of oak Appreciated for its evergreen foliage, its pretty little tough leaves, shiny and dark green on top and whitish on the underside.

Although holm oak is mainly found in the Mediterranean basin, its resistance to cold (around -15°) means that it is also found a lot on the Atlantic coast.

Outside the Mediterranean region it will absolutely need a sunny location.

Element dominating the garrigue with Aleppo pine and juniper The holm oak is also used for dune reinforcement along the Atlantic coast. Indeed, its powerful root system allows it to fetch water from deep down and thus stabilize fragile soils such as sand dunes.

It should be noted that in Corsica, we use the acorns from Holm oak for feeding pigs which gives the local charcuterie a very special taste and reputation.

Finally, holm oak is also used for truffle growing.

Diseases of holm oak

Holm oak is particularly resistant to most diseases, insects and pests. It has a very long lifespan, up to 1500 or even 2000 years.

The holm oak is the ideal tree to hide from a neighbour without climbing too high but be careful you will have to plant your tree more than 2 metres from the property line.