The athyrium is a pretty fern, deciduous and ideal to decorate a corner of shade.
Outdoors and often in undergrowth it is easy to maintain and grow.
In summary, what you need to know is:
Name : Athyrium filix-femina
Family : Dryoperidaceae
Type : Perennial
Height 30 to 120 cm
Exhibition : Shadow and half-shadow
Sol : Ordinary
Foliage : Persistent
Planting of the athyrium
Planting can be done either in the autumn or in the spring, but avoiding periods of frost or high heat.
Then use a potting soil mixed with your soil and possibly put a bed of clay balls at the bottom to improve drainage.
- In pots, repot in the spring every 2 or 3 years, choosing a slightly larger diameter.
- This plant prefers shade rather than sunny situations, often hot and too dry for this plant.
The athyrium multiplication is done by tuft division in the spring.
Size and maintenance of the athyrium
Cut the dried or yellowed leaves as you go along, but this is not essential.
Apart from that the athyrium requires practically no care and maintenance.
In summer you can mulch the foot of the plant to keep the soil moist.
In winter, the foliage disappears, but don’t worry, it will come back in spring. The athyrium is very hardy and can withstand the extreme cold.
This female fern has the particularity to come to dress our undergrowth and the foot of the trees.
The plant is so attached to its support that it is difficult to remove it.
Note that the more it is in the shade, the slower it grows, but its foliage is often considered more beautiful.
Both indoors in pots and outdoors, avoid overly sunny exposures.