Vaccination of the cat: the different vaccines available

charte vaccin

You don’t see the point of vaccinating your alley cat who happily moves from garden to garden with customary nonchalance…

You think your pedigree cat is protected from disease because he spends all day on your couch. And if you’re wrong…

We tell you all about cat diseases and the benefits of vaccination.

Cat and vaccination

Getting your cat vaccinated is not nor a harmless act (occurrence of cancer or allergies for some). nor a compulsory act . Yet he is recommended establish a personalized vaccination schedule with your veterinarian based on the risk your cat is exposed to.

The greater the number of cats vaccinated, the more contagious diseases can be eradicated. There are five main diseases that can be treated in cats:

Cat typhus:

Contamination: by contact with the faeces of infected cats (community, breeding, exhibition, contaminated clothing, sharing the same litter box) or by fetal contact. Symptoms observed : Loss of appetite, severe fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, severe dehydration and fever (an illness equivalent to canine parvovirus). Vaccination recommended for all cats. Injection at two months, three months, four months, one year and then every three years.

The coryza:

Contamination: Can be transmitted in the community (sneezing, infected mucus splashes, contaminated equipment). Symptoms observed : wheezing, coughing, runny eyes and nose, loss of appetite, mouth ulcer, salivation, fever. Incubation for two to four days. Note that a cat that is rescued will always remain a carrier of coryza. Seizures will be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, inhalations, L-Lysine supplements, antivirals and eye cleansers. Recommended vaccination for all cats . Injection at two months, three months, four months, a year. Recall of the annual vaccine.

Chlamydia:

Contamination: in the community or outdoors. Symptoms observed : conjunctivitis with tear flow, red and swollen eyelids with blinking. Dry cough and sneezing. It can be transmitted to immunocompromised people. It is often a complication of coryza. Vaccination recommended for breeding cats (breeding), cats attending boarding houses or shows. Ask your veterinarian if this vaccine is appropriate for your cat and if so, how often it should be given.

Rage:

Contamination: virus contained in saliva. The disease is transmitted by the bite or licking (on an open wound) of an animal carrying the virus. It’s a zoonosis. (disease transmissible to humans). Symptoms observed : a disease that attacks the nervous system. It is incurable and fatal once declared. You should be concerned if your cat changes behaviour, becomes agitated, meows differently, salivates, squints or has difficulty moving around. Recommended vaccination for all cats at the age of one. Recall of the annual vaccine.

À know about rabies and cats: if a case of rabies is found in your area, any cat found stray will be euthanized if not chipped (or tattooed) and vaccinated against rabies. He will have to show an up-to-date passport of his rabies vaccination to cross the borders.

Leukemia:

Contamination: saliva, blood, protrusion, in uterus and mother’s milk. Symptoms observed : an infectious disease that destroys the immune system. It causes tumours and skin diseases. It attacks the respiratory tract, digestive organs and blood.

Vaccination at two months, three months, four months. Vaccine booster every three years. Cats that live in apartments and never go out are not affected.

If you think your kitten has cat typhus (a critical defect for a sale), you should go to your vet as soon as possible. He will establish you a certificate of suspicion . If the disease is confirmed within thirty days, you will be able to ask for a refund from the breeder, because unfortunately this disease is incurable and fatal for your kitten. For leukemia disease, a blood test can be done as early as four months of age to find out if your dog is a carrier of the disease.

To be edited: “You don’t choose a cat, it chooses you. »  Philippe Ragueneau

L.D.

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