Buying a dog: tips for making the right choice

The arrival of a four-legged companion must be a thoughtful act, as the first year has its share of surprises in store.

We need to ask the right questions.

Which breed to choose?

It is a mistake to be seduced only by the physical appearance of an animal, it is wiser to make sure that its character corresponds to its personal situation:

  • Are you single?
  • A couple?
  • With children?
  • Retired?
  • How much time do you have to get it out?
  • Are you an athlete?
  • Will he be alone during the day?
  • Do you live in a house or apartment?
  • What budget can you devote to it (food, grooming, veterinary care, holidays…)?
  • Will he have to live with other animals?
  • Have you thought about his height and weight?

Get breed information

If you are unsure about which companion to choose, you can consult the Central Canine Society . You will have access to a detailed sheet of recognized breeds and find the addresses of serious breeders. It lists the dates of dog shows. These shows can allow you to meet the breed you want and passionate professionals who will give you sound advice.

When you’ve made your decision, you should not rush, because a mistake of casting  can be disastrous and experienced as a failure. Take the time to go see the breeder. Make sure that the farm is clean and that it invests in socialization. The first weeks of a puppy’s life are critical. If he hasn’t been stimulated (playing, learning about noises, meeting other animals, children, men and women…) he will be shy and present behavioural problems.

Don’t hesitate to say no and to travel miles, because you will live with your dog for about fifteen years.

Even better:

Obtain the opinion of a person who bought a puppy from the kennel (forum, relationship…)

When the purchase is decided, choose the one who will come to you. Avoid the one who climbs on his brothers and sisters, he is certainly the dominant one of the litter.

Mandatory documents at the time of purchase

The breeder must give you certain documents:

  • A certificate of sale (signed by both parties)
  • Mating declaration if it’s a puppy. LOF (for confirmation)
  • Birth certificate (to be returned to the canine centre)
  • Vaccination record (at departure, the first injection of the primary vaccination must be given)
  • The certificate of good health
  • His pedigree

All puppies must be tattooed or chipped and dewormed.

A serious breeder will give you a booklet with tips and a packet of kibbles. Some offer a few hours of training.


  • Buy a dog for which you have no traceability, no details about its past.
  • Acquire a puppy less than two months old. This is the minimum time he needs to identify with his species; to learn through play (with his brothers and sisters and his mother’s education) hierarchy and submission; to become familiar with noises, situations and all living beings without being afraid of them.

Pedigree dog or bastard

To be considered  If your budget does not allow you to buy a pedigree dog (1000 euros on average), a mongrel can give you just as much satisfaction. He’ll be less fragile and live longer. Word-of-mouth and classified ads can be a great help in your search. Here again, take time to think and collect as much information as possible about this potential companion.

Still hesitating? Why don’t you become a foster family. The SPA or the  GRAAL offer to entrust adult dogs to us until they find a permanent home. Food and health costs are covered. It’s a way of living a beautiful experience without permanent commitment.

Still hesitating? You still have the choice of the refuge. But beware, these dogs often have behavioural problems. You have to find out about their history. A successful adoption is always rewarding. You give a lot and you get more. Note that once you reach a certain age (75 years old in most cases), you will be refused this option. Some breeders accept to place animals that are no longer able to reproduce. You can try your luck.

Also to be read :

  • Toilet training for a puppy

To meditate:

“To love dogs is to love in them the best and safest things that we humans have. »

Madeleine Chapsal French writer

L.D .